The game was ported to the Atari under the name Sprint Master , the adaptation was released in They explained that while the massive understeer in the game is highly unrealistic, it adds a sense of urgency to the gameplay. Later in Championship Sprint was released; it is almost identical, but with different tracks, and with a standard-size two-player cabinet instead of Super Sprint's wide 3P cabinet.
Its sequel, Championship Sprint , was released for the same systems in Midway Arcade Treasures 2 , and as a downloadable game for the PlayStation 3. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. NA : Super Sprint non-arcade reviews. Championship Sprint non-arcade reviews. McFarland, Incorporated, Publishers. ISBN Retrieved 27 February Archived from the original on Retrieved Moby Games. Game Machine in Japanese. Amusement Press, Inc. Next Generation.
Imagine Media. September Video Chums. Atari Games. Rolling Thunder Dragon Spirit R. The constant drive for faster athletes with better technology has brought man from Track events were measured with the metric system except for the United Kingdom and the United States until and respectively. Before this, American athletes could only qualify for world records at international events and Olympic games.
Note: Indoor distances are less standardized as many facilities run shorter or occasionally longer distances depending on available space. The 50 metres is an uncommon event and alternative to the 60 metres. Donovan Bailey holds the men's world record with a time of 5. The 55 metres is an uncommon event that resulted from the metrication of the 60 yards and is an alternative to the 60 metres.
The stadion , also known as the stade, was the standard short distance sprint in ancient Greece and ran the length of a stadium. However, stadiums could vary in size and there was apparently no definite standard length for them e. The diaulos was an event contested in the Ancient Greek Olympia that was double the length of a stadion. Typically, a sprinter would only need 2 types of shoes, training shoes and sprinting spikes.
Sprinting spikes are typically designed to be lightweight with a minimal cushion on the heels and a plate on the forefoot to keep the runner on the toes of each foot. The spike plate will typically have the maximum number of holes for metal spikes to be inserted in order to keep a proper grip on the track surface. These metal removable spikes also come in varying sizes.
The spikes typically range from 4mm to 15mm and come in different styles. Most facilities have specific requirements for what size and style spikes can be used. Starting blocks are not a necessity but are highly suggested for use in sprinting events. Starting blocks are a piece of equipment that typically consists of foot pads attached to a central rail.
The point of using blocks is to help the athlete push themselves further down the track as quickly as possible. The baton is a required element for any relay race. The baton is passed to each athlete through different exchange zones , with different techniques. Typically about 1 foot long and 1. Used typically in training sessions to measure relative times and recovery times. Stopwatches are not always the most accurate way to measure times in a race setting,. As of , World Athletics WA  is the governing body for track and field around the world.
Every country that wishes to participate in WA competitions must become a member. Each governing body sets its own rules for how competition is deemed fair. World Athletics sets the rules for competition internationally. The World Athletics rulebook  is broken into 4 separate books. Starting blocks are used for all competition sprint up to and including m and relay events first leg only, up to 4x m. Races commence with the firing of the starter's gun.
For the m, all competitors are lined up side by side. For the m, m, and m, which involve curves, runners are staggered for the start. In the rare event that there are technical issues with a start, a green card is shown to all the athletes. The green card carries no penalty. If an athlete is unhappy with track conditions after the "on your marks" command is given, the athlete must raise a hand before the "set" command and provide the Start referee with a reason. It is then up to the Start referee to decide if the reason is valid.
In the event that the Start referee deems the reason invalid, a yellow card warning is issued to that particular athlete. In the event that the athlete is already on a warning, the athlete is disqualified. According to the World Athletics WA rules, "An athlete, after assuming a full and final set position, shall not commence his starting motion until after receiving the report of the gun or approved starting apparatus. If in the judgement of the Starter or Recallers, he does so any earlier, it shall be deemed a false start.
The m Olympic gold and silver medallist Linford Christie of Great Britain famously had frequent false starts that were marginally below the legal reaction time of 0. Christie and his coach, Ron Roddan, both claimed that the false starts were due to Christie's exceptional reaction times being under legal time.
His frequent false starting eventually led to his disqualification from the Summer Olympics m final in Atlanta , the US due to a second false start by Christie. Since January , under WA rules, a single false start by an athlete resulted in disqualification. In , a new development to the false start rule was added. Because certain athletes could be disqualified for twitching in the starting blocks but some athletes could make a twitch without the starter noticing and disqualifying the athlete, it was decided that twitching in the starting block while being in the 'set' position would only carry a maximum penalty of a yellow card or a warning.
In order to instantly be disqualified for a false start, an athlete's hands must leave the track or their feet must leave the starting blocks, while the athlete is in their final 'set' position. For all Olympic sprint events, runners must remain within their pre-assigned lanes, which measure 1.
Any athlete who runs outside the assigned lane to gain an advantage is subject to disqualification. If the athlete is forced to run outside of his or her lane by another person, and no material advantage is gained, there will be no disqualification. Also, a runner who strays from his or her lane in the straightaway, or crosses the outer line of his or her lane on the bend, and gains no advantage by it, will not be disqualified as long as no other runner is obstructed.
The first athlete whose torso reaches the vertical plane of the closest edge of the finish line is the winner. To ensure that the sprinter's torso triggers the timing impulse at the finish line rather than an arm, foot, or other body parts, a double Photocell is commonly used. Times are only recorded by an electronic timing system when both of these Photocells are simultaneously blocked. Photo finish systems are also used at some track and field events.
While genetics play a large role in one's ability to sprint,    athletes must be dedicated to their training to ensure that they can optimize their performances. Sprint training includes various running workouts, targeting acceleration, speed development, speed endurance, special endurance, and tempo endurance. Additionally, athletes perform intense strength training workouts, as well as plyometric or jumping workouts. Collectively, these training methods produce qualities which allow athletes to be stronger, more powerful, in hopes of ultimately running faster.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Running over a short distance in a limited period of time. For other types of sprint, see Sprint disambiguation. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article appears to be slanted towards recent events. Please try to keep recent events in historical perspective and add more content related to non-recent events.
This article may lend undue weight to IAAF sources. Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view. This section needs expansion with: historical records of sprinting after the Ancient Olympics but before You can help by adding to it. March See also: History of physical training and fitness. Height minor factor [ citation needed ] Muscular strength Adrenaline use Anaerobic respiration capacity Breathing Footspeed Proportion of fast twitch muscles  Leg length Pelvic width [ citation needed ].
Main article: yard dash. Retrieved on 26 March The Olympics: Ancient versus Modern. Retrieved on 23 March Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved
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